What is strabismus
Strabismus is a kind of eye problem in which the eyes have a heterogeneous relationship to one another and their look in different directions. This heterogeneity may be obvious or only occasionally present. While the eye looks straight ahead, the other eye is turned inward, outward, up or down. A turning eye sometimes returns to the original state of the eye and, on the other hand, leaves the eye straight out of its position.Strabismus is a common problem among children in the pediatric population, and about 4% of children are seen, but it may be older than the younger generation. The prevalence of it in a boy and a girl is proportional and sometimes has a familial affliction. However, some people with a history of such a problem do not mention their family.Vision and Brain
With a binocular vision, both eyes look at one point. The brain’s vision segment combines the two incoming images as a three-dimensional image.
When one of the eyes gets out of position due to strabismus, two different images are sent to the brain. In a young child, the brain learns to ignore the distorted eyes and only accept a direct eye or a better vision. This will eliminate the perception of depth and binocular vision. Adults who have strabismus often find dual nose because the brain has the ability to receive or receive both eyes. In this case, the brain will not be able to remove the diverted eye image. But unfortunately, in children this happens, the removal of the divergent eye image occurs quickly and this situation leads to laziness or amblyopia.
The normal placement of eyes during childhood allows for the development of a suitable age vision. Abnormal placement, as seen in strabismus, will reduce vision or amblyopia. The brain detects better eyesight and eliminates the weaker or more amblyopic eye. This is happening in almost half of the children with strabismus.
Amblyopia can be treated by closing the eyes better and improving the eyesight of the weaker eyes. If amblyopia is detected in the early years of life, treatment will often be successful, but if the treatment is delayed, an ambulance or a pest will find a permanent state of view. As a rule, the better the treatment of ambulopia, the better it will be.
Causes and symptoms of strabismus
The outer wall of each eye has six muscles that are responsible for eye movement control. In each eye, two muscles bring the eye to the right or left. The other four muscles are responsible for moving the eyes up and down or controlling the diagonal movements of the eye. To focus both eyes on a specific symptom, all eye muscles need to co-ordinate with each other and with the partner’s muscles. Any reason that disrupts this coordination can lead to strabismus.
The role of brain control on eye muscles is very important. Therefore, children with brain problems such as cerebral palsy, cerebral arrhythmias, hydrocephalus, and brain tumors are often strabismus. Any factor that leads to diminished vision, such as refractive error, cataracts, eye injuries and … can be a factor in strabismus.
The main sign of strabismus is actually an eye that is not in place. Sometimes the child closes his eyes in sunshine, and sometimes tries to bend his head to a particular position to use both of his eyes, and sometimes heavily boredom eyes and headaches during eye activity and sometimes signs of a lack of a Suitable depth of vision is also seen. Adults who have strabismus also often complain of diabetes.
Every child should be diagnosed by a family doctor, pediatrician or ophthalmologist during a period of adolescence or an early age before school and probable problems. This is especially important in cases where another member of the family has strabismus or amblyopia. In infants, it is often difficult to understand the difference between the apparent bias distortion of strabismus. In the young and middle-aged children, the widespread and wide nose and the skin of the skin of the inner part of the eyelid cause the eyes to be hidden in the left and right eyes and thus appear to be distracting. This appearance of strabismus gradually improves with the growth of the baby, while true strabismus does not correlate with the development of the child, and the ophthyologist is well able to distinguish between true and false strabismus.
The goals of treating strabismus, maintaining vision, directing the eyes and restoring binocular vision. Depending on the cause of strabismus, treatment may be due to prescription of glasses, cataract removal or other causes for alteration or deformation of the uneven muscle position of the eye. After a complete ocular examination, including a thorough study of the internal parts, the ophthalmologist will choose the appropriate optical, medical or surgical treatment. Often closing a better eye to strengthen ambulatory eye vision is also necessary.